a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
In most people, the bones are strongest around the age of 30 after which bone strength slowly diminishes naturally. This, 'bone loss,' or, 'bone thinning,' causes the inside of the bones to become increasingly thinner and therefore more brittle.
Who is at risk of Osteoporosis?
Being a woman puts you at greater risk of osteoporosis. However, you are at even greater risk if:
You had an early menopause or a hysterectomy before the age of 45
You have had no periods for more than six months due to over exercising or dieting
You are small boned or underweight
You have an inactive lifestyle
You have malabsorption due to conditions such as Coeliac or Crohn's disease
You have a parental history of hip fractures
You have had a previous fragility fracture(s)
You have a history of heavy smoking and / or drinking alcohol
You have a history of thyroid, liver, kidney disease or diabetes
Men are also susceptible to developing osteoporosis.
The following website outlines potential causes for men to develop osteoporosis: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/men
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